Book your National Archaeological Museum Florence tickets in 3 simple steps:
A very important Etruscan collection and an amazing Egyptian section, second best in Italy, make this National Museum one of the most important archaeological museums in Italy.
A landmark in any understanding of Etruscan civilization and art. There is also a section devoted to ancient Egypt. The museum and its vast collection were severely damaged by the great flood of 1966, but restorers have been reopening room after room and many of the displays can now be visited again.
What you'll reserve:
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Discover the secrets of ancient Etruscan, Roman, and Egyptian civilizations
Priority Entry | Visit duration: approx. 2 hour | Barrier-free access | No flash photography
Learn about world's ancient civilizations and Tuscany's mysterious past! At Florence's National Archaeological Museum visitors can examine invaluable relics and antique artworks, such as the Etruscan animal bronze Chimera of Arezzo. This museum also includes one of the largest Egyptian collection in Italy, second only to the Egyptian Museum in Turin, with more than 14,000 rare artifacts.
National Archaeological Museum opening hours
Tuesday – Friday: 8:30 am – 7:00 pm
Monday, Saturday, and Sunday: 8:30 am – 2:00 pm
Closing Days: January 1st, May 1st, and December 25th.
Entry to National Archaeological Museum is by timed slots every 15 minutes.
National Archaeological Museum ticket prices and reductions
Please select day and time of visit, number of people, and type of tickets to see ticket prices for a specific date.
Time and/or date of tickets can be changed after booking upon payment of a set Modification fee.
IMPORTANT: Booked tickets are strictly NON-REFUNDABLE.
Modification fee: € 8.00 per ticket.
Online reservation is limited to groups up to 10 people maximum. For groups of more than 10 people please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
For further booking information, please visit our "Terms & Conditions" page.
The museum was inaugurated in the presence of king Vittorio Emanuele II in 1870. At that time it only comprised Etruscan and Roman remains. As the collections grew, a new site soon became necessary and in 1880 the museum was transferred to its present building.
The collection's first foundations were the family collections of the Medici and Lorraine, with several transfers from the Uffizi up to 1890 (except the collections of marble sculpture which the Uffizi already possessed).
The Egyptian section was first formed in the first half of the 18th century from part of the collections of Pierre Léopold de Toscane, from another part of an expedition promoted by the same Grand Duke in 1828-29 and led by Ippolito Rosellini and Champollion (the man who first deciphered hieroglyphics). In 1987 a new topographic museum on the Etruscans was added, but it was destroyed in the 1966 floods.
The Etruscan Collection
The organisation of the Etruscan rooms was reconsidered and reordered in 2006. Also in 2006, the 40-year-overdue restoration was carried out on over 2000 objects damaged in the 1966 floods.
Focus on The Egyptian Museum
The Egyptian section of the collection is known as the Egyptian Museum, and is the second largest collection of Egyptian artifacts in Italy, after that of the Museo Egizio in Turin.
Florence's first collection of Egyptian antiquities was in the Medici collection, dating from the eighteenth century. In the nineteenth century, Leopoldo II, Grand Duke of Tuscany Leopold II, began acquisition of the artifacts now housed at the Egyptian Museum. Together with Charles X of France, he financed a scientific expedition to Egypt in 1828 to 1829. The expedition was directed by Jean Francois Champollion, who deciphered the hieroglyphic script. Ippolito Rosellini, friend and student of Champollion, represented the Italian interests during the expedition. He went on to become the father of Italian Egiptology. Many artifacts were collected during the expedition, both from archeological diggings, and via purchases from local merchants. On their return, these were distributed evenly between the Louvre in Paris, and the new Egyptian Museum in Florence.
The museum was officially opened in 1855. The first director was Ernesto Schiaparelli. He later went on to become director of the larger Egyptian museum in Turin. By 1880 he had catalogued the collection and organized transportation of the antiquities to the Florentine Archaeological Museum. Under Schiaparelli, the collection expanded with further excavations and purchases carried out in Egypt. Many of the artifacts were, however, later transferred to Turin.
The Florentine collection continued to grow after this time, with donations from private individuals and scientific institutions.
In particular, the Papyrological Institute of Florence provided artifacts from its expeditions to Egypt between 1934 and 1939. These now provide one of the most substantial collections of Coptic art and documents in the world.
The museum now has a permanent staff including two professional Egyptologists. It houses more than 14,000 artifacts, distributed in nine galleries and two warehouses. The artifacts displayed in the galleries have been substantially restored. The old classification system devised by Schiaparelli is being replaced by a new, chronological and partly topographical system.
The collection comprises material that extends from the prehistorical era right through to the Coptic Age. There are remarkable collections of stele, mummies, ushabti, amulets and bronze statuettes of several eras. There are statues from the reign of Amenhotep III, a chariot from the eighteenth dynasty, a pillar from the tomb of Seti I, a New Testament papyrus and many other distinctive artifacts from many periods.
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